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Central African Republic
Republique Centrafricaine
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GovernmentCentral African Republic
Field = Fields World Record = World Records  = Dictionary Bar Graph = Bar graph Distribution Maps = Distribution map Field History = Fields History Definitions = Definitions

Country name:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

conventional long form: Central African Republic
conventional short form: none
local long form: Republique Centrafricaine
local short form: none
former: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire
abbreviation: CAR

Dependency status:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

void

Government type:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

republic

Capital:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

name: Bangui
geographic coordinates: 4 22 N, 18 35 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi*, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere*, Vakaga

Dependent areas:
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void

Independence:
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13 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

Republic Day, 1 December (1958)

Constitution:
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several previous; latest ratified by referendum 5 December 2004, effective 27 December 2004; amended 2010 (2010)

Legal system:
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civil law system based on the French model

International law organization participation:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Suffrage:
Field  World Record  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

chief of state: Interim President Catherine SAMBA-PANZA (since 20 January 2014); elected by the National Transitional Council to replace Interim President Alexandre-Ferdinand NGUENDET, who took over after the resignation of Interim President DJOTODIA
head of government: Prime Minister Andre NZAPAYEKE (since 25 January 2014); note - Prime Minister Nicolas TIANGAYE resigned 10 January 2014
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: president elected for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 23 January 2011 (next to be held in 2014 - as specified in the January 2013 Libreville agreement); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Francois BOZIZE elected to a second term as president; percent of vote - Francois BOZIZE (KNK) 64.4%, Ange-Felix PATASSE 21.4%, Martin ZIGUELE (MLPC) 6.8%, Emile Gros Raymond NAKOMBO (RDC) 4.6%, Jean-Jacques DEMAFOUTH (NAP) 2.8%; note - rebel forces seized the capital in March 2013, forcing former president BOZIZE to flee the country; Interim President Michel DJOTODIA assumed the presidency, reinstated the Prime Minister, established a transitional government, and was subsequently affirmed as President by the National Transitional Council on 13 April 2013

Legislative branch:
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unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (105 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 23 January 2011 and 27 March 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - KNK 62, independents 26, MLPC 2, other 15

Judicial branch:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of NA judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges, at least 3 of which are women)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president; Constitutional Court judge appointments - 2 by the president, 1 by the speaker of the National Assembly, 2 elected by their peers, 2 are advocates elected by their peers, and 2 are law professors elected by their peers; judges serve 7-year non-renewable terms
subordinate courts: high courts; magistrates' courts

Political parties and leaders:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Jacques MBOLIEDAS]
Central African Democratic Rally or RDC [Louis-Pierre GAMBA]
Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]
Democratic Forum for Modernity or FODEM [Saturnin NDOMBY]
Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]
Londo Association or LONDO
Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD
Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [Martin ZIGUELE ]
National Convergence or KNK
National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]
New Alliance for Progress or NAP [Jean-Jacques DEMAFOUTH]
Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Alexandre Philippe GOUMBA]
People's Union for the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY]
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]

Political pressure groups and leaders:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

NA

International organization participation:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, EITI (compliant country), FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

chief of mission: Ambassador Stanislas MOUSSA-KEMBE (since 24 August 2009)
chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 483-7800
FAX: [1] (202) 332-9893

Diplomatic representation from the US:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

chief of mission: Ambassador Laurence D. WOHLERS (since September 2010)
embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui
mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui
telephone: [236] 21 61 02 00
FAX: [236] 21 61 44 94
note: the embassy temporarily suspended operations in December, 2012

Flag description:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

four equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, green, and yellow with a vertical red band in center; a yellow five-pointed star to the hoist side of the blue band; banner combines the Pan-African and French flag colors; red symbolizes the blood spilled in the struggle for independence, blue represents the sky and freedom, white peace and dignity, green hope and faith, and yellow tolerance; the star represents aspiration towards a vibrant future

National symbol(s):
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

elephant

Government - note:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

void

National anthem:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

name: "Le Renaissance" (The Renaissance)
lyrics/music: Barthelemy BOGANDA/Herbert PEPPER
note: adopted 1960; Barthelemy BOGANDA, who wrote the anthem's lyrics, was the first prime minister of the autonomous French territory

Group:
Field  Dictionary  Bar Graph  Distribution Map  Field History  Notes and Definitions

All, APLAA, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
Field = Fields World Record = World Records  = Dictionary Bar Graph = Bar graph Distribution Maps = Distribution map Field History = Fields History Definitions = Definitions


This page was last updated on 12 April, 2014

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